'''Henry David Thoreau''' (see Henry David Thoreau#Name pronunciation and physical appearance|name pronunciation
; July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American essay
, Abolitionism in the United States|abolitionist
, Naturalism (philosophy)|naturalist
, tax resistance|tax resister
, development criticism|development critic
, and historian
. A leading Transcendentalism|transcendentalist
[Howe, Daniel Walker, ''What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815–1848''. ISBN 978-0-19-507894-7, p. 623.]
Thoreau is best known for his book ''Walden
'', a reflection upon simple living
in natural surroundings, and his essay ''Resistance to Civil Government
'' (also known as ''Civil Disobedience''), an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.
Thoreau's books, articles, essays, journals, and poetry total over 20 volumes. Among his...